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Formations

Speleothem. Speleo-what?

Speleothem. Speleo-what?

Speleothem is greek for “cave deposit”, or cave formation. Marengo Cave is blessed with a wide variety of speleothems.

Helictites

Helictites

Helictites are small, twisted formations that project from cave ceilings, walls, and even the floor. They grow erratically and defy the laws of gravity.

Stalactites

Stalactites

Stalactites, a most common cave formation, begin life as soda straws that become clogged. They grow downward until touching the cave floor.

Stalagmites

Stalagmites

Stalagmites are formed by water dripping from the ceiling. When the drop lands, calcite is deposited and a stalagmite grows upward.

Flowstone

Flowstone

As water entering the cave flows down walls and over floors or breakdown, calcite is deposited in deeper and deeper layers. This is known as Flowstone.

Cave Popcorn

Cave Popcorn

Also called cave coral, this formation can be found in many sizes, shapes, and colors. Most common are the small, knobby clusters that resemble popcorn.

Soda Straws

Soda Straws

Soda straws form when slow seeping water enters through a cave’s ceiling. Tiny circular rings of calcite are deposited one after another, forming a straw.

Rimstone Dams

Rimstone Dams

Rimstone dams are formed as water flows and tumbles over an edge, like water overflowing a sink. This results in calcite deposits around the edge of the dam.

Draperies

Draperies

When water entering a cave flows down a sloping ceiling, it deposits calcite in thin, translucent sheets that hang in delicate folds like draperies. Minerals provide color.

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812-365-2705    Toll Free: 888-702-2837
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  Directions : 400 East State Road 64,
Marengo, IN 47140
  Directions : 400 East State Road 64,
Marengo, IN 47140